About the breed “Egyptian Mau”
‘Cat’s company enjoyable to me because they love the comfort.’
Sir Compton Mackenzie
Egyptian Mau short-haired, medium-sized cat breed with a spotted coat. Their spots are not only on the fur, but on skin. The word “Mau” translated from ancient Egyptian means “cat”.
Presumably the history of the cat breed Egyptian Mau has more than 3000 years. When compared with ancient frescoes, we can say that the appearance of the modern Mau is very similar to its ancestors. In ancient times they symbolized the gods RA and Bast. Archaeologists in the East of the Saqqara necropolis found cat. In the era of the New Kingdom there was a temple of the goddess Bastet. For a long time scientists studied rock-cut tombs of the nobles, where they found numerous mummies of cats. The Egyptians portrayed the goddess, which was represented by a woman, but with a cat head. Image cats or cat statuettes were given for what would bring the owner love and well-being. And it was believed that the “cat” symbols can protect from dark forces and from evil. Crowds of pilgrims besieged the sanctuary of Bastet. In the Church the peasants often bought mummy cats and gave them to the priests. They were buried in special chambers. It was believed that in the afterlife cats can transmit the requests of the pilgrims. There was even a festival in honor of Bastet.
Now consider what cat breed Egyptian Mau is descended from African wild cats, which had a calm temperament and lived with people. People started encouraging the cats that they caught snakes and mice. Since then, the cats began to settle in homes. In ancient kingdom there were no domestic cats image, but often find images of wild cats. The cat became a pet only in the II century BC. The first written mention of the cat breed Egyptian Mau is encountered by the historian Herodotus. He writes that in almost every house lived the Egyptian domestic cats. Herodotus was amazed by the huge temple of the goddess-cats, which was located in Bubastis.
Type cats breed Egyptian Mau almost completely disappeared during the Second world war. The restore the population of these incredibly beautiful creatures in Europe, particularly in Italy, did the Princess Natalie Trubetskaya in 1953, which, having the political connections, was able to buy a few purebred cats from Cairo. Soon the Princess was already a kennel “Fatima”. She went to the USA, taking with him several members of the Egyptian Mau, and the recreation of the breed started already American breeders. So the Egyptian Mau appeared in America in 1956. But the popularity of these cats has not acquired, and now find beauty spotted in Russia is quite difficult. The first success of cat breed Egyptian Mau has received in 1953 at the exhibition “Empire cat Show” in Rome, however, officially recognized the breed only in 1977. In 1958 Trubetskaya officially registered kennel ten cats Egyptian Mau. Three colors — silver, bronze and smoke were recognized for participation in exhibitions. Black Mau were born in her kennel, but in exhibitions they participated in, and was used in the kennel for breeding work. I must admit that most of the credit for the creation of the breed Egyptian Mau belongs to the American feline. They developed their breeding practices on the basis of outbreeding rebounds in combination with intensive selection.
Egyptian Mau is one of the few domesticated cat that has spots. In recent years withdrawn four varieties of the breed: silver color with spots of charcoal, honey with dark spots, smoky with the body color of charcoal and a white undercoat with dark spots, pewter with dark gray or brown spots on a pale yellow-brown background. It is bred mainly in the United States. Now the Egyptian Mau is a closed breed.
By origin we can distinguish several hereditary lines of cats Egyptian Mau. Descendants of kennel “Fatima” is called the “Traditional original line”. In 1980 Jean mill brought the cat out of Delhi and several cats of aboriginal origin from India. They had a bronze color warm colors with very good contrast. Cat from new Delhi had a shiny coat, great contrast and shape of the spots, good health, and gave to their descendants. In addition, he has assisted in the formation of the Bengal breed. TICA has recognized the line in the early 80s, shortly after CFA. Descendants of this line is known as the “Indian line”. After a few years, Katie Rowan (kennel “Rocat”) brought 13 more cats from Egypt, but in the early 90s, J. Len Davidson (kennel “Grandtrill”) was brought from Egypt four cats: Giza, Wafaya, Hosny, Alexandria bronze color. These cats recognized cat organization, and their descendants are called the “Egyptian line.” This line Egyptian Mau is the most numerous. All imported cats were simply taken from the streets of Cairo and Delhi. Therefore, the breed in General can be referred to aboriginal, not artificially derived. This explains the good health of Mau.