“For it must be addressed” — to Castrate or not?
“For it must be addressed” — to Castrate or not?
You brought home a kitten, cute little purring. He is cheerful and playful, you enjoy his company and everyone is happy. But the kitten grew up, hit puberty and you suddenly arose the question of what to do next. The cat began to change in character, began to loudly sing their songs, look out the window, in the tray there was a smell or in the corners began to appear in the puddle, and the cat began to take strange positions and screaming restless at night… And here it is necessary to think and decide about the future of your pet.
What to do in such a case, it is not wrong? Who we need the cat (the cat) the manufacturer or just a pet? And we are faced with a dilemma – to castrate or not.
Let’s look at the most topical issues of sterilization of cats and castration of cats, what lies behind these concepts and what is a castrated animal.
Castration is a surgical procedure that includes removal of gonads in animals to prevent natural fertilization. Resulting in sharply reduced amounts of sex hormones in the blood, which leads to the suppression of secondary sexual characteristics and the inability to have offspring. The term “castration” is formed from the Latin “Castratio” means a cluster of circumcision, the removal by surgery of the genital glands in males. Castration is one of the oldest operations known in ancient Greece.
The main reasons for neutering cats is the difficulty of keeping animals when they reach sexual maturity. Approximately 7-8 months in cats begin to show the first signs of sexual behavior: a cat marks territory vertically, screams at night and a showdown with the neighbor’s cats. Next, the cat begins to demand contact with a cat and is in constant hunt with a few periods of lull during the dark time of the year. There are also medical reasons for castration, such as orchitis, neoplasms of the testes, deep injuries of the scrotum, testes, spermatic cord.
We will not consider animals who are shown castration for medical reasons and a purebred from where you plan to grow the manufacturer initially. And talk about the cats and cats that live with us as a furry friend.
There are cases when no sterilization simply can not do:
- Sterilization of stray cats and cats and cats that have free range on the street, in consequence, is born the uncontrolled number of kittens doomed to vagrancy. In this case, not to sterilize an animal you can only under condition, that they would take care of the offspring. But as a rule such work will assume not every owner.
- If you purchase a pedigree kitten as a pet (so-called pet class), be prepared for the fact that in the compulsory clause will be spelled castration/sterilization of the animal. So breeders are trying to curb uncontrolled breeding, so as not to degrade the breed in General.
In all other cases, the decision should be made after weighing all the “pros” and “cons”.
Use of hormonal drugs to suppress the sexual instinct is very dangerous, as it leads to cancerous tumors.
Supporters of “for” castration cats and sterilization of cats offer the following arguments:
- World vets experience shows that castration does not cause great harm to the health of animals, and mostly the owners are more concerned about the moral side of this issue.
- Castrated or sterilized animals have reduced the sexual instinct, they do not suffer themselves looking for a partner and don’t hurt their owners.
- Intact and unclaimed gender the cat is faced with more serious problems than the cat castrated. He begins to pine, to languish, and he has a spoiled character.
- For sterilized cats don’t have to constantly watch to avoid accidental contact, after which it is difficult every time to attach kittens.
- Castration significantly reduces the risk of the disease including dangerous diseases like feline leukemia, immunodeficiency virus and peritonitis, as all these diseases are transmitted either sexually or through the blood during fights with other males.
- Castrated animals do not run away from home and even living with open access to the street, never leave their territory. They will not be jumping out of Windows and fall out from the balconies, reduces the risk of being hit by a car, etc. cases.
- Not castrated cats mark territory, from-for what the house is worth a very unpleasant smell, imitate a sexual act in this way may behave and cats during estrus, after castration this doesn’t happen.
- Neutered or castrated animals are less aggressive and get along well with individuals of both sexes (best Commonwealth of two cats neuter), while not castrated cats often come into the skirmish in the struggle for leadership, often seriously hurting each other.
- Alters more attached to their owners (indisputable fact!), because they don’t have to think about the solution to their reproductive problems.
- Neutered animals live longer than their non neutered counterparts.
The arguments “against” include:
- Moral and ethical aspect of the procedure, because castrating an animal, we still go against nature, whether we have it right.
- Possible change of metabolism in the animal body, which can lead to obesity, but this problem can be solved with proper nutrition.
- After castration in some cases, cats become more susceptible to urolithiasis (ICD).
- Castrated cats and cats need a special diet
Myths about neutering
- Before you sterilise a cat, it must once have. This is the biggest myth and misconception. Spayed cat in need of optimal age (we’ll discuss this below), and preferably after her first heat so as not to run the reproductive mechanism and not to give “rage” hormones. This is approximately 8-12 months (depending on the breed and temperament of animals).
- Сastration causes obesity in all cats. Indeed, a rather large percentage of males obese neuter, but here it is necessary to take into account the specifics of the breed and temperament of the individual. By slowing the metabolic process the cat begins to eat a lot and spend less energy, thereby often gaining weight, but as we have said above it can be solved the healthy diet and more physical training.
- All castrated animals sooner or later develops urolithiasis. Of course, may increase the risk, but prevention ICD should be excluded from the diet of the animal, the fish and give water only from the filter.
- Fully addressed the issue of aggressive behavior cats . In most cases this is true, but we must remember that the cat’s aggression in males can occur not only because of production of sex hormones, but also for a number of reasons of a psychological nature.
Age for castration
There exists an optimal age of castration and neutering early and late.
On average, puberty in males occurs at 6 to 9 months and females at 8-12 months (depending on breed), so castration/neutering at this age is considered optimal. Generated all internal organs and systems, over an active growth. Well grown body of the animal will be able to move the anesthesia, the reproductive instinct is still clearly not pronounced, so the animal has no habits to mark his territory (in the future it will not appear). At this age and need to carry out this procedure, then you will not face any complications and will not change the nature of the pet.
If you made this decision, it is possible to provide the animal mating before castration is strongly recommended.
The experience of recent years shows that in some foreign countries and in Russia is practiced early neutering, in about 3-4 months. Western experts say that surgery at such a young age ostensibly in no way affects the growth of a kitten, but can deprive it of its distinctive male external characteristics, for example, heavy cheekbones and solid chin.
But such early neutering in kittens can cause serious health damage. This can cause the urethra of a cat will remain underdeveloped, i.e. more narrow. You may experience any problems in the urinary system such as stones or inflammation, which can lead to obstruction of the urethra.
In cats it is abdominal surgery performed under deep General anesthesia and this little kitten just can not stand it, not to mention the fact that it will certainly affect its growth and full development of all systems in the body. And if to speak about psychological problems, then your pet could be permanently “stuck” in age kitten.
Sometimes cats castrated at an older age, mainly animals are withdrawn from breeding, or for some other reasons. Such castration is called late. Here it is necessary to pay careful attention to all the changes that you may notice the animal, and the time to seek the advice of a specialist.
Now you understand that it is very important to choose the right time for castration.
Operation of castration of the cat
Neutering a cat is performed under General and local anesthesia. First veterinarian shaves the scrotum, then makes two small incisions on her skin, bandaging the spermatic cord and remove the testes. The joints usually do not overlap. The whole operation takes no more than 5-10 minutes. It is advisable before the operation to check the health of the animal. Neutering cats is one of the most simple and safe operations. With proper care for animals after surgery, to a full life he will be able to return within a few days. Operated cat can only walk in the empty tray or on absorbent diapers, so as not to infect the seam. Usually cats completely recover on the day after surgery. Each cat owner every six months must pass urine pet, the time to track unwanted changes in the body of your pet. Before and after the surgery you will have to fulfill all instructions of the doctor. Do not feed the cat for 12 hours before surgery, and then 4-5 days to remove the filler.
The sterilization operation
Sterilization is the only humane solution for those owners who truly love their cat and due to certain circumstances not able to breed kittens.
Neutering cats is abdominal surgery and is performed under General anesthesia. To eliminate the possibility of vomiting during anesthesia, it is recommended not to feed the cat before the operation. So if surgery is scheduled for the morning, the last meal should be no later than 7 PM of the previous day. The length of the incision depends on the size of bodies of a cat and the method of surgical sterilization. So when ovariectomy incision in the middle abdomen (on white line)no longer than three inches, and if ovariohysterectomy (about the types of sterilization will be described below) much more. Triple overlap seams. After the surgery, worn blanket, in order to avoid licking seams. The stitches are removed in 10-12 days. There are also new methods of seamless operation with the length of the incision is not more than 1 cm. After surgery, the wound is very small, and there is no need to wear a blanket.
Surgical sterilization exists in several versions:
Tubal occlusion — the tug of the fallopian tubes, resulting in conception is impossible, but the hormonal balance in cats is not changed, that is, continue the heat, the cries and the request of the cat.
Hysterectomy — removal of the uterus while preserving the ovaries. Such sterilization has the same effects for cats, and tubal occlusion.
Both of these operations is very adversely affect the health of the animal and in modern veterinary practice are rarely used.
Ovariectomy – removal of ovaries. There is a change in hormonal levels, stops the production of sex hormones and consequently, stop the heat, eliminates the risk of ovarian cysts and false pregnancies. In domestic veterinary practice, the term “sterilization” is often understood exactly ovarioektomii. This option surgical sterilization is the most desirable, but suitable only for young and nulliparous cats.
Ovariohysterectomy – removal of the ovaries and uterus. This operation is called castration and is done in cats older than years who had given birth and with pathological processes in the uterus.
Full recovery of cats after sterilization, takes 5 to 14 days. Caring for a spayed cat is to attentive to her attitude. Be sure to prepare the cat flat’s couch. During the day, check the condition of the wound, it should not bleed or fester. Upon detection of such symptoms is take your cat to the vet to have it examined animal.
After castration it is necessary to carefully follow any changes in the behavior of your pet, from time to time to pass urine. As much as possible to engage in active play and to give the exercise load to the animal does not become more lazy of not gaining weight.
Industrial feed use only premium and super premium class for the alters, to exclude from the diet of milk and fish. Water should be purified (from the filter or from a bottle). Vitamin supplements also consume designed for this category of cats.
Once having decided on the castration of your pet, you not only provide yourself with comfort and tranquility, but also really improve the quality of life of your pet and extend it for several years.
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