The history of Abyssinian breed
Abyssinian. It is considered to be the ancestor of African wild cat who inhabited the territory of Abyssinia (now Ethiopia). In 1868 a British military expedition brought the cat from Ethiopia to Britain, where continued breeding work with her. In the 80-ies of the last century, registered as a breed. Now it includes eight varieties depending on the coat colour.
Is prevalent in some African, European and Asian countries. Abyssinian cat gets along well with the hosts, affectionate, easy to train. Can quickly adapt to life in the wild, i.e. to dwell outside the house.
The Abyssinian is of medium size, slender. The coat is short, thin, tight to the skin.
The suit is varied, but is more common red-brown with black or dark-brown stitching, dark red, blue. Individual hair can be in color double or even triple.
The head is small, wedge-shaped, with a strong chin. The nose is straight, of medium length. The transition from forehead to muzzle weakly visible (without “stop”). The ears are large, upright, with a broad base and rounded tips with the hair brush. Eyebrows and eyelids are dark. The eyes are large, expressive, widely and slightly obliquely set, usually green, yellow, color hazelnut.
Body strong, muscular, flexible, matched. The neck is short, sleek, elegantly curved. Back powerful, well-developed, the chest broad and deep enough.
Paws Abyssinian sinewy, strong, medium, or long. Paws small, oval. The animal is like “on tiptoe”. Tail relatively long, tapering from the base to the tip.
Abyssinian and Somali – children of the sun
Jean Paul MaasExpert AB RUI
Four thousand years ago in the fertile Delta of the Nile there was the Egyptian civilization. This nation lived under the rule of pharaohs who were worshipped as gods on earth. The pharaohs were above all mortals and could marry only with her sisters. In the incredible beauty and magnificence of these gods in the flesh lived in huge palaces and temples, surrounded by countless treasures. The walls of the palaces were decorated with beautiful images, in the halls and the courtyards stood a mysterious statue.
Periodically between the sacred hieroglyphs could see a picture of the same animal, sometimes with gold rings in his ears and precious stones on the neck. This animal is a cat. Legend has it that the first cats brought to Egypt from Abyssinia, where they lived in the wild. From there, consider how they were received by the first Pharaoh of the XII dynasty Senusret I (in later times impressed with military victories of the pharaohs of the New Kingdom, descendants was created a legendary image Senostris Greek distortion of the name Senusret), who lived in the second Millennium BC. However, it should be noted that during the excavations there were found the statuettes of cats that are dated earlier times. Who does not recognize in these elegant statues are majestic, serene and nobly posing cat? It only takes one glance to see how amazingly realistic these images.Tall, slender legs, beautifully curved large ears, almond-shaped eyes, serene noble face with an almost human expression.The modern Abyssinian cat is the exact copy of images of the ancient Egyptian cat. Maybe there really is a link between current animals and those that lived under the pharaohs 4 thousand years ago? Before answering this question, we must explore the unusual position that was occupied by cats in ancient Egyptian culture.
The extraordinary status of cats in ancient timesIn the ancient Egyptians worshipped the sun God RA, later called Aton. He was among the most respected of all gods, the father of the Pharaoh, the Creator of all living things, defender of the crop. One of the daughters of RA was called Bastet, sometimes it could be seen as the wife or sister of RA. This goddess was depicted as a cat-like shape very similar to the modern Abyssinian. The Egyptians called cats “Mau” which means “to see”. They were deadly afraid of the dark, and since the cat can see in the dark, it was attributed to magical possibilities. The people of Egypt compared the constriction and dilation of the pupils of a cat after dark in the evening and sunrise in the morning. For them it was proof of the consanguinity of the cat with the moon and the Sun and served as a compelling reason to esteem these animals and to have. This cult was extremely important for the country living farming and having large grain store. But this land also was full of rats and mice, so it is Paradise for the cat-the hunter and the people surrounded him with an aura of Holiness, which for many years accompanied and kept the cats of Egypt. As you know, Bastet is one of the most revered goddesses of ancient Egypt. In the city of Bubastis, East of the Nile Delta was built a huge temple in her honor in the form of a giant square building of red granite. She — “Mistress of heaven”, “Goddess of love” and the young men asked the goddess to help them win the hearts of their loved ones. The more the girl resembled a cat, the more attractive she was to men. This similarity with a cat (read abissini) made the girl so attractive that it can be compared with Cleopatra is the mistress of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. In addition, Bastet protected the family and home. It also was a symbol of fertility, motherhood and love, ancestors, harvest and rain. It was a very big responsibility for the fate of the Egyptians.
As worshipped cats in ancient Egypt
I’m sure you are already surprised by the fact that for killing a cat, regardless of whether it was intentional or committed by negligence, the death penalty. When the cat died, she arranged a pompous and extremely expensive funeral, her remains were embalmed and mummified. In the mid-nineteenth century in Beni-Hassan by the Nile found a cemetery of mummies of cats. There were more than 300 thousand. Unfortunately, due to the short-sightedness of the officials was not established the government’s ban on the sale of these mummies. As a result, about 20 tons of mummified cats that have a definite scientific value, was loaded onto a cargo vessel as ordinary goods, and sent it to Liverpool. In the way ancient mummies, deprived of appropriate care, came apart and were sold at auction to farmers for fertilizer.
How the Egyptians worshipped cats, you can see the example of one interesting fact: the siege of the city of Pelusium in the vicinity of the modern Port said. In 525 BC the Persian king Cambyse I pitched his tents before the city. The Egyptians long and hard fought back and Cambyse, filled with cunning and who knows the manners and customs of the Egyptians, resorted to cunning. His soldiers caught a lot of cats, took them in his arms and moved to the city. Pharaoh Psammetih confused, the Egyptians could not draw swords against sacred animals and chose to surrender without a fight.
With the last Pharaoh ceased to be a religion that basically had the worship of the sun God RA. The cult of the cat, lasted for 2 millennia, came to an end. Egypt came under the influence of Islam and the veneration of cats or any other animal in any country of the Mediterranean. Although it is known that the cat was a favorite animal of the prophet Mohammed.
The Abyssinians — heirs of the ancient gods?
How Abyssinian cats are doing nowadays? Whether they are the heirs of the ancient gods of the sun? To find the answer to this question, we must return to a century and a half ago in Ethiopia, which at that time was called Abyssinia.
The English historian Gibbon, the author of “the History of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire”, wrote about this country: “Surrounded on all sides by enemies of her religion, Ethiopia slept for about 1000 years, forgotten world.” Only when Theodore III (1818-1868) some glimpses of light falling on these remote places. The history of modern Ethiopia begins with his reign. If anyone can be called an impostor is Theodore III. This sensualist and a drunkard, not having any inheritance rights to the throne, came to power, brutally using force.
In 1862, Ethiopia began serving the British Consul Cameron. He presented to the Emperor a pair of pistols from Queen Victoria. So the monarch had the idea to write a letter to Her Majesty and to ask for help in the fight against the Turks in the Sudan.
Strange are the turns of history. This letter has an unexpected relationship to the Abyssinian cat. The letter arrived in London, however, has long lain in the Ministry of foreign Affairs. This caused suspicion in Theodore III. What intends to do England? Maybe she is preparing a secret campaign with Sudan against Ethiopia? Only the thought of the irritable king was furious. He captured the European missionaries who were in his country, and chained them in irons. The British Consul Cameron and the messenger Kerans suffered a more bitter fate: they were tortured in captivity.
The battle of Zula and the first appearance of the Abyssinian
The response was immediate. Lieutenant-General Robert Napier, the Commander-in-chief of the Bombay Army in India, was assigned to conduct a punitive expedition, which was very extravagant, not to say more military forces amounted to 32 000 and 55 000 animals, including 44 trained elephant. There was also a huge amount of ice and 9 000 bottles of wine. For the landing was selected Zula, which were under the rule of Egypt. Napier freely landed there on 2 January 1868.
The decisive battle took place on Monday 13 April about Magdala, where in prison languished the hostages. On the eve of battle, April 10, Good Friday, Theodore III freed the hostages. He put the barrel of one presented to Queen Victoria of pistols in his mouth and pulled the trigger. As a result of a misunderstanding, this did not prevent battle. It was over quickly. The Fort blown up, looted the Royal Palace, the city burned to the ground. Napier was promoted and knighted. July 10, 1868, field Marshal sir Robert Napier, Lord of Magdala went on Board the ship, heavily Laden with military trophies. On Board were the wife of one of the captains, a charming Mrs.Barrett-Lennard. In the basket she was carrying her own trophy — a cat named Zula. A small animal was very wary and looked like a wild cat. Mrs.Barrett-Lennard for a long time with great love and patience tame it. After some time the cat was more loyal and affectionate than Zula, though to strangers she was still wary and reserved.
Zula is considered the ancestor of all current abys. The only problem is that on a lithographic portrait of Zula 1877 has not the slightest resemblance to modern Abyssinian breed. Also, sadly, none of the written evidence cannot confirm the story regarding Mrs. Barrett-Lennard. Naturally, this raises some suspicions, as there are many documentaries directly about this military campaign. Many correspondents gathered, processed and saved countless testimonies. Among them was the famous American journalist Henry Morton Stanley (of the famous “Dr. Livingstone”, I presume). He wrote for the “New York Herald” had a sharp pen and a shiny style, but even in his report there is no word about the cat named Zula or her new owner. Strange, but in the family archives of the family of the Barrett-Lennard is also no mention of this exceptional event.
The world’s oldest breed of cats
Be that as it may, but in 1887 the Abyssinian cat breed was officially recognized. Cat higher officials and authorities in the field of feline had made a desperate resistance to the adoption of this decision. Harrison Weir, the first Chairman of the first club of fans of cats National Cat Club and the renowned artist-animal painter Louis Wain, who succeeded in 1890 Harrison Weir as Chairman of the NCC, believed that presented for adoption of a new breed of cat nothing more than a homeless child British lanes. Submitted for consideration to the breed, in their opinion, had nothing to do with the famous Soloi in the case of unexpected recognition she in no event cannot to allow be called “Abyssinian”. But members of the tribal Commission went on our way and by a majority of votes without much ADO held a recognition of a new (Abyssinian!) breed. As a consequence — the Abyssinian breed is one of the oldest recognized breeds of cats. The photo, dated 1903, shows excellent instance familiar to us from exhibitions to modern Abyssinian. In addition to the characteristic of this breed is elegant, stylish and noble lines, the Abyssinian cat is distinguished by its incomparable color of the coat. It is characterized by double or even triple splitting hairs to black, reddish-brown (ruddy) and modified sand color. This original coloration has got Abyssinian cat inherited directly from the Yellow African Cat or Felis lybica, also called Felis Chaus or caffra Caffra, which still lives in northeastern Africa, Israel, Arabia and Syria. What is the generic roots of the Abyssinian cat goes to the Nile valley and Ethiopia, however, in no way distinguishes it from many of the cat family, because Felis lybica (African Yellow cat — she’s Libyan, she’s spotted, she’s buckskin, sand and Nubian) is the ancestor of all existing domestic cats. In the early twentieth century in the upper reaches of the Nile, Egypt mounted an expedition with the aim to trace the fate of those cats who could claim ancestors of Abyssinian cats. But the results were disappointing, confirmation of this attractive hypothesis was not found. On the other hand, the image of the sacred cats of the Pharaohs really painfully remind me just Abyssinian cats. But where to find the evidence??? What emptiness after fruitless searches!
The discovery of cat mummies
A corner of the veil on the mystery was lifted in 1951, when the British Museum unexpectedly 192 were found the mummies of cats. They were Packed in baskets and kept in a Museum storage, since 1907. Basket completely at random were lost in Museum storerooms, and even were not subject to inventory. All cats were originally brought from Giza (suburb of Cairo known by the ensemble of the pyramids of the Pharaohs Cheops, Chephren and Menkaure, 3rd Millennium BC) in Egypt and the rough estimate the mummified between 600 and 200 BC with the exception of three cats all of them, at least superficially, resembled the modern Abyssinian cat. The history of these baskets and remained outstanding. It is unlikely that they were spoils of war Robert Napier, brought from Abyssinia. And although T. S. Morrison-Scott measured and catalogued all the found instances of mummified cats, he failed irrefutable scientifically prove their Abyssinian origin. Currently, it seems that the mystery of their origin had already disappeared into the fog of the past and is unlikely to be possible to unequivocally identify their Genesis. The only thing in which we can be absolutely sure of is that the modern Abyssinian cats are the result of moderate crossing to the English cats.
One of the first breeders and enthusiasts Abyssinian cats at the end of the nineteenth century was Sam Woodiweiss. He was the owner and Peaty Sedgemore Sedgemore Bottle, inspired and lovingly described their ardent admirer of Mr.Brooke in the short booklet “the Abyssinian cat”. Sedgemore Peaty was presented to Mr.Brooke and stayed with him until his death. Work with Sam Woodiweiss Abyssinian cats was continued by his son in the nursery “Woodrooffe”. Soon they exported many of the Abyssinian in the United States, where the breed was raised to an unprecedented level.
In the early twentieth century at one of the shows famous London club NCC (National Cat Club), held in the equally famous Crystal Palace, was are 11 Abyssinian cats. “A record number!”, said the commentator. And in 1970 at the exhibition organized with the same NCC (National Cat Club) in the Olympic Hall was seized just 30 Abyssinian cats. As we can see, in 70 years the number of these cats is not significantly increased. Why did it happen? In 1929 Major Woodiweiss-son founded the “Abyssinian Cat Club”, the first President of which was Mrs. Stables. In the book “Cats, the points and classification” (“Cats, their points and classification”), her husband, Dr. Gordon Stables, dedicated to Abyssinian cats extensive and comprehensive article. This book takes us back to 1877 and is a lithographic portrait of the famous Zuly in the place of honor opposite the title page. Among the first members of the club were Mr. and Mrs.Basnett, who also exported a lot of kittens in United States.
But ten years later, when the Abyssinian catteries significant strides had been made, began the Second World war. This has dealt a serious blow to the breeding of Abyssinian cats in General and cats in particular. In fact, only spouses Basnett after the war was able to continue the breeding work. On one of the first post-war exhibitions their daughter showed a few remaining Abyssinian. With the help of American breeders of these troubles were quickly resolved and flourished during the Abyssinian breed. It is the merit of Sidney and Helen Denham, owners of kennel “Frensham”. These were influential people of their time. Together they wrote a leaflet dedicated to the Abyssinian breed. It was called “the child of the gods” and was published in 1951. In the early 1980s it was re-released in the United States. However, Sidney and Helen Denham could not have foreseen that in the 70-ies there was a threat of extinction of the breed from leukemia. During the year killed more than eight pedigree cats-the producers. It was more than half of their total number in England.
Fortunately, thanks to the breeders-enthusiasts breed was restored, they found a way out of this critical situation. In 1979, English fans club Abyssinian cats with full authority proudly celebrated its Golden Jubilee. On this occasion, an exhibition was organized, devoted to the Abyssinian breed. The list for judging was made 89 animals.
In conclusion I would like to call the names of the two cats, although it would be unfair to the other wonderful representatives of the breed. First, it is a world-famous English pedigree cat Taishun Leo, breeder Mrs Menezes and, secondly, it is the continental descendant of Assunta von Ras-Daschan, who died in 1970. Both the cat, which is perfection in its type, are present in almost all European pedigrees.
The birth of Somalia
Shorthair Abyssinian possibly originates from Ethiopia, but maybe not. And her long-haired counterpart Somalia to show off his undisputed origin from a neighbouring country Somalia? The answer is no. In 1967, American breeder Abyssinian breed Mrs.Evelyn Mague worked in a shelter for cats next to his home in New Jersey. One day someone brought an adult cat that had the misfortune for a short time to change five owners. Mrs.Evelyn Mague liked it at first sight. “This is the most beautiful cat I ever seen!” — she exclaimed. It was a semi-longhair Abyssinian. She called him George, castrated and has created all the conditions for it. But she is not only able to drive exceptional, in her opinion, the animal, but decided to learn the story of its origin. Imagine her surprise when she realized that the parents of the cat live in her own kennel! Father George was the Abyssinian Lynn-Lees Lord of Dublin, her own breeding. The mother was also abissini named Lo-Mi-Rs Trillby, which she recently bought. From this pair it has received six other long-haired kittens. Out of respect for the Abyssinian breed she named her long-haired descendants Somalia and began to work towards the recognition of this breed. In 1972 Mrs.Evelyn Mague organized the American club of Somalia (SCCA) and became its first President. On may 1, 1979 the greatest felinological Association of America CFA officially recognized new breed called Somalia (Somali).
The Victorians and their cats
Could it be that in the litter of Abyssinian spontaneously, almost out of nowhere a long-haired kitten was born? At different times there were different opinions about it.
To answer the question most competently and objectively, we have to go back to England the second half of the XIX century during the reign of Queen Victoria, there lived a charming when the captain’s wife Mrs.Barrett-Lennard with his beloved cat Zuloy.
It is a period when the holding of the first specialized exhibitions of cats was officially witnessed by the rapid spread of the in-depth interest in them. Until that time, cats could only be seen in the context of agricultural fairs or livestock exhibitions. In compiling pedigrees for cats in those days had not seen any practical sense, so nobody is doing. From time to time for cat lovers it was not so important. For the first time the club for the breeding of pedigreed cats were registered in England in 1887. It was “National Cat Club” (existing, by the way, so far!), and its first President was Harrison Weir. NCC became the first organization in the world, which began to track and record a family tree of cats. Therefore, in 1887 we can consider the date of birth ‘Pedigree cats’! Understanding the necessity of the preparation of pedigrees and the implementation of that understanding have occurred for several reasons. First, it logically and naturally follows from the very meaning of breeding, and secondly, a good service provided to all breeders and lovers of cats, humble, and persevering monk-researcher Gregor Mendel. But everything in order… At the turn of the century Her Majesty the Cat climbed to the crest of a wave of popularity, love and acceptance. During the reign of Queen Victoria the British colonies took a quarter of the world both geographically and in terms of population. Tireless, the British brought home everything they liked in other countries. Therefore, the vaults of the British Museum resembled Ali Baba’s cave. Having a keen interest in animals, the British brought home different kinds of exotic animals, living or dead. Cats rare breed became a symbol of high status in society, and was considered a great chic take a picture with them.
Another reason for such a high interest to the cat was that his light was too socialized: Victorian lady was devoted to her husband and dependent on him both economically and legally. She had to be subtle, helpless and spoiled. In idleness she had to occupy himself with any nonsense, and the cat became a perfect addition to a Victorian lady. It lost its most important purpose: to be a defender of warehouses and destroyer of the pests. Instead, it only emphasized the high position of his mistress in a class society. Cats were a necessary attribute of social events, during which they had the ability impressively to lay on my lap and purr, is to be as beautiful, expensive and useless as their charming hostess.
However, let us turn our attention to another very important point. At the same time in Austria, lived the man who looked like a Catholic Saint don Bosco in every glasses. He was the founder of modern genetics. His name is Gregor Mendel and he lived from 1822 to 1884. He was a monk of the Augustinian monastery of St. Thomas in the city Brunner the Austrian Empire and in a small corner of the monastery garden (7 x 35 m!, which is now a Mecca for geneticists around the world) for eight years experimented with different varieties of peas. On the basis of their unique experiments of Gregor Mendel formulated the laws that formed the basis of genetics — the science of heredity and variation of organisms. When the turn of the century English breeders became acquainted with the results of his experiments, it behaved like children with new toys. The great desire they had to spend all sorts of crossbreeding in their nurseries and curiously observe the results.
Disagreements on the type
Abyssinian cats have also become the subject of this fun passion, which lasted until 1920. At first, many disagreed with the name “Abyssinian”. Harrison Weir mentions a few names for this breed: Russian Cat, Spanish Cat, Hare Cat, and even Rabbit cat or simply “Bunny” (rabbit from English fairy tales), but all marked as “Abyssinian”. This variety of names indicates that the type of the Abyssinian breed has not been definitively established. Harrison Weir has developed the first standards for pedigree cats, which he called “Points of excellence”. However, this work does not put an end to disagreements in the Abyssinian breed. Mrs Denhams in his booklet, “Child of the gods” mentioned that the Abyssinians were crossed with long-haired cats — the Angora and the Persian. As you know, the long hair gene is recessive and the gene for short fur is dominant. Recessive genes in the heterozygous form can endlessly be present in the genotype of an animal, to ever, met with a similar recessive characteristics, to go in homozygous form and manifest in the phenotype. Even if only one parent is a carrier of a recessive gene of long fur (LL x Ll), then with probability 50% it will be transmitted to posterity. Could it be that George, the cat Evelyn Mague, who appeared in the 50 years from two short-haired Abyssinian, was the world’s first long-haired Abyssinian cat? Of course, no! The Abyssinian cat club, founded in 1929, kept strictly to their Shorthair standard. However, even in those years from time to time in litters of Abyssinian cats appeared long-haired kittens. But since there were very precise rules concerning the registration of kittens, many breeders were just afraid that in litters of Abyssinian cats there are kittens, which will not issue pedigrees. Therefore from a sin far away those kittens that could compromise their titled parents, as “foundlings” were quietly left at dusk near the kitchen doors of their friends. American judge and geneticist Rosemonde Peltz wrote: “the Appearance of longhaired Abyssinian kittens should not have been a surprise to anyone and, in fact, no one was surprised who is well versed in matters of breeding.” She goes even further, as he writes: “Secretly Siamese were crossed with Abyssinians to improve.” Evil tongues meanwhile, said that Somalia was the result of crossing Persians and their falsified genealogies. However, these allegations are unlikely. To disprove these ill-founded accusations, breeders of Somalia began to look for the roots of the breed. All the research led to four breeding animals, which were the manufacturers of many of the descendants in the 60 years of the twentieth century Their common ancestor was Raby Chuffa, belonged to Lady Barnard. He was born in England on 4 April 1952 and was brought to America in 1953, According to the American rules he received as a prefix the name of the kennel with their new owners “Selene”.
In turn, the roots of the family tree Raby Chuffa of Selene lead us to Roverdale Purrkins, who was phenotypically very similar to the Abyssinian, but had an unknown origin. During the Second World war, he was presented with Mrs.Robertson, her boyfriend. Mother Roverdale Purrkins was Mrs. Mew, but who was the father Roverdale Purrkins, Mrs.Robertson did not know. Mrs.Mew died in 1944, and about it we known only that the cat was donated by her fellow sailor in 1942. Whence she was brought to England? Where is her homeland? To distant seas, distant lands… it’s Quite possible that the long hair gene in the Abyssinian breed has brought it Roverdale Purrkins, who died in 1956, and then all registered kittens Somalia must be famous Roverdale Purrkins in your ancestors?! But long-haired kittens were observed among the Abyssinians from the very first steps of formation of this breed, and in the very difficult situation faced by the breeders after the Second World war, were held internally outcross with the Abyssinian breed. It was a necessary measure to preserve viable populations of the Abyssinian breed and to prevent inevitable in small populations inbreeding depression. That is why, obviously, and was included in British breeding programmes Roverdale Purrkins.
And ever since then, even infinitely distant in the phylogenetic tree, the genes of the coat still sometimes slip into blood lines and then were born longhaired kittens Somalia. Therefore, seeing the truth, we must recognize that Somalia is only the hybrids, the result of crossing two different breeds. But with this approach, and the Abyssinian, in the end, can be considered as a hybrid. Definitely call the Abyssinian cat, almost branched has the pedigree, hybrid, — it would be too harsh a sentence. Therefore, anyone who operates in a conversation on this subject in this term — should clearly understand that it applies equally to all breeds of cats, without exception. It is clear that the real problem, as the stain on a smart suit, invokes too many emotions, and unnecessary talking.
For a long time existed and supported the theory that long coat in Somalia is the result of a spontaneous mutation (sporadically occurring genetic changes in structure of chromosomes). But this is exceptional, simply sensational case falls very rarely and, mind you, only single or, at most, a few individuals. Recevie breed with curly hair — the result of such mutations. Somalia, however, were born simultaneously in many nurseries around the world, which is contrary to all laws of mutational variability. Somalia almost simultaneously or with a slight temporal desynchronization appeared in different places: America, Canada, New Zealand, Australia. Moreover, in Australia they appeared EN masse over a relatively short period and even received the name “Saluki” by analogy with the semi-longhair dogs.
Known talented American geneticist Don Shaw about the genetic nature of the wool the Abyssinian and Somalia once again has its own judgment. In 1974 he wrote that Somalia is not a carrier of the recessive long hair genes in homozygous form. But, nevertheless, Somalia has semi-long hair. How is this possible? Abyssinian cats are known for their “nearly double” coat. Complex-combined genetic factors in a homozygous situation give this type of coat and can even lead to an increase in length as the top hair and undercoat. In exceptional cases, this can lead to the appearance of a soft semi-long silky coat with Fox tail. This type of coat will be transmitted regularly and sustainably? “Yes,’ replies Don Shaw, — with the right mix of partners.” This implies that Somalia will never be able to showcase all the luxuries of Persian wool. But does anyone dream about it?
The most unlikely theory as to the origin of the Abyssinian Somali and many were taken and considered by breeders until recently. Some Abyssinian cats and almost all of Somalia demonstrate “lynx tufts” on the top of the ear. Many people think that these brushes are characteristic of all wild cats, but this is a fallacy. Only five of the thirty-five representatives of the cat family have these additions (lynx in particular). Therefore, a biology Professor Brooke suggested that Abyssinian cats are descended from African sand lynx, or Caracal (African Caracal or Desert Lynx) crossed with a domestic cat.
From new world to old
In the winter of 1980 English enthusiasts, a decision was made about the need to export Somalia from America to their homeland, England. Considering strict quarantine rules that existed at that time on the importation of animals in England, — this export was a huge achievement and just feat English breeders-enthusiasts. A group of British breeders organized a Society of admirers of Somalia and 30th of October 1980 imported from America a couple of Somalia. It would take a long 6 months before 29 April 1981 government quarantine service has allowed the new owners to take these animals: two-year manufacturer’s Nephrani’Omar Khayyam color sorrel and one-year-old cat Foxtail’s Belle Star(ruddy). July 9, 1981 in the first pair Somalia on English ground had two adorable kittens: Black Iron Vagabond and Black Iron Venus. Began the conquest of the “new” breed of English exhibition stage and the hearts of cat lovers.
Meanwhile I would like to remind the good fortune to see the rare beauty and charm of this breed, so long and unjustly hidden behind a veil of secrecy that we owe to the indefatigable Evelyn Mague.
Children of the sun
If the conversation comes about Abyssinian or Somali, very often intuitively recall the Sun. The gods of the Sun from legends and myths of ancient Egypt;sunlight rays in which these cats are so fond of warm; heat of the sun, which is as it were absorbed their coat … It seems that the sun has set his sun sign and their appearance and their character. You can imagine the breed more cheerful and lively than the Abyssinian and Somali?
Small kittens are very similar to clowns in the circus, as peas scattered throughout the house. Enthusiastic and inspired jump on a curtain, full customs inspection of your bag, in the blink of an eye is a solid mess on your desktop… And after all this innocent expression of their muzzles so submits you, that you with a light heart accept the dreadful disorder as the norm.
Adult animals, however, force people to look at them with respect. Although they are accomplished individuals, they are in no way arrogant cats. They are cheerful and playful, but at the same time, quiet and not Intrusive. They have soft voices. One of their main features is their grace. All cats are intellectuals, but of Abyssinian and Somali will give odds to many of their counterparts. They win on all parameters! Their intelligence is sometimes frightening. However, much more striking their improbable sensitivity and the reflected sympathy. True friends are good companions in life. The fact that they are usually regarded as “cats are for gentlemen”, says more about the social separation of the sexes in society than about Abyssinian cats. Abyssinian and Somali love freedom like no other breed. They absolutely cannot bear to be kept in a kennel or cage. And, on top of that, they just can’t exist without daily human dialogue. They begin to feel sad, grieve and simply die.
However, when they are allowed to live as full members of the family, — demonstration of their love knows no bounds. Then they gently purr (and their purring more sense because of the vibrations of the air than sound). Then they kiss, and stroked the front foot and embrace for a neck, and touchingly look to you in eyes. Then they tickle you with their whiskers and gently rub against your ear. Then these children of the Sun tell You: “Love me and be happy!”
Country of origin: Ethiopia.Time of origin: 2nd Millennium BC
The history of the breed. Abyssinian belongs to the oldest species of the cat family, but its exact origin is not installed. Judging by the name, its origins in Ethiopia, which was named Abyssinia, but, alas, the traces of this wonderful cat in the African country could not be found. However, due to its similarity to a sacred cat of Ancient Egypt, the majority of researchers still believe that its homeland on the banks of the Nile. The first Abyssinian cat, a rabbit fur, brought to England from Ethiopia Marshal sir Robert Napier in 1868, and in 1887 the Abyssinian cat breed was officially recognized and began its triumphal March around the world. However, breeding work breeders of Abyssinia was almost in vain: the two world wars and an epidemic of leukemia that struck Europe in the 70 years that has put the breed on the brink of extinction. Fortunately, thanks to the breeders-enthusiasts, the breed was restored, and now the Abyssinian cat is one of the most popular shorthaired breeds.
Appearance. A cat of medium size. The view is truly Royal, a real little predator. Elegant and harmoniously composed of a cat. Wedge-shaped head. Large, wide at base ears. The eyes are large, rounded almond-shaped, brilliant and expressive. In addition to the characteristic of this breed is elegant, stylish and noble lines, the Abyssinian cat is distinguished by its incomparable color of the coat. It is characterized by double or even triple splitting hairs to black, reddish and sand colors. This original coloration has got Abyssinian cat inherited directly from the Yellow African cat, which still lives in northeastern Africa, Israel, Arabia and Syria.
Character and care. The cat is very active and playful, a typical extrovert. Is a successful person with a very independent character, but sociable and affectionate. Not tolerate loneliness, and suffers from the inattention of the owner. The Abyssinia love and know how to frolic, and they need the space for games. Care Abyssinia is not difficult. Suffice it once a week to comb them with a brush or a comb. At the onset of moult should be more carefully comb out the dead hairs and pull down. To make the hair shining, wipe it with a chamois. It is also necessary to regularly clip the nails, to monitor the cleanliness of eyes and ears.